Lo que desde el corazón es cierto
desde la acción es posible

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Lo que desde el corazón es cierto
desde la acción es posible

Leer Más

Lo que desde el corazón es cierto
desde la acción es posible

Leer Más

Convention On The Rights Of The Child

Adapted version for children (not official) of the Convention on their Rights.

PASSED BY THE UN GENERAL MEETING ON NOVEMBER 20th, 1989

Article 1. Definition of Child

The Convention is applicable to all people under 18 years old.

 

Article 2. Non-discrimination

Every boy and girl has his/her rights provided in the Convention: it doesn’t matter where you come from, nor your sex or color of skin, or what language you speak, or your family’s financial situation, or what you or your parents believe in, or that you suffer some kind of handicap.

 

Article 3. The Child’s Best Interest

When the authorities, or adults, take decisions that concern you, they should do what is best for your development and well-being.

 

Article 4. Application of Rights

Governments (and the regional and local authorities) must see that the rights provided in the Convention are fulfilled. They must help your family to guarantee your rights as well as cooperate with other countries so that your rights are fulfilled around the world.

 

Article 5. Direction and Guidance of Parents

Authorities should respect your parents and every person responsible for your education. Your family is responsible for assisting you in the exercise of your rights.

 

Article 6. Survival and Development

Every boy and girl has the right to life. Governments must do everything to assure your right to survival and development.

 

Article 7. Name and Nationality

When you’re born, you have the right to be registered and receive a name and a nationality, to know your parents and be cared for by them.

 

Article 8. Identity

The authorities are obligated to protect your identity, name, nationality and family relations.

 

Article 9. Parents’ Separation

No boy or girl should be separated from his/her parents, except for his/her own well-being. In case that your mom and dad are separated, you have the right to keep contact with both of them.

 

Article 10. Family Reunification

If, by any circumstance, you live in country different to that of your parents, you have the right to enter the country where your parents live and reunite with them, or that your parents reunite with you.

 

Article 11. Abduction and Unlawful Retention

The authorities shall avoid that you are illegally moved to another country or unlawfully retained.

 

Article 12. Boys, Girls and Young People’s Opinion

You have the right to give your opinion and that opinion, according to your age and maturity, be taken into account when adults take a decision concerning you.

 

Article 13. Freedom of Expression

You have the right to freely express your opinion, to receive and spread any kind of information and idea, as long as they are not against other people’s rights.

 

Article 14. Freedom of Thought, Conscience and Religion

Authorities must respect your freedom of thought, conscience and religion. Your parents may advise you on what is best for you.

 

Article 15. Freedom of Association

You have the right to freely associate, to constitute associations and to peacefully meet with other boys and girls, as long as your activities are not against other people’s rights.

 

Article 16. Protection of Your Privacy and Private Life

You have the right to have your own private life, that your family’s private life is respected as well as the privacy of your domicile; you have the right that your mail is not opened and that your good image is not attacked.

 

Article 17. Access to Proper Information

You have the right to receive important information for your well-being and development through books, newspapers, radio, TV, internet… Adults must see that such information is the proper one.

 

Article 18. Your Parents’ Obligations

Your mom and dad are responsible for your education and development, and must act thinking on your own interest. Authorities must assist your parents every time it is necessary.

 

Article 19. Protection Against Abuse and Ill-treatment

Authorities must protect you against ill-treatment, abuse and violence, also that coming from your parents or legal guardians.

 

Article 20. Protection of Children Who are Deprived of their Family

You have the right to special protection and assistance if you don’t have parents or they are not with you. This assistance shall take into account your cultural or ethnic origin.

 

Article 21. Adoption

In case of adoption, the boy or girl’s well-being should be taken into account above all.

 

Article 22. Children Refugee

Those boys, girls and young people refugees (who have been obligated to abandon their country due to war or other circumstance) shall have a special protection. Authorities must cooperate with those organizations that assist and protect them.

 

Article 23. Handicapped Boys and Girls

If you are physically or mentally handicapped, you have the right to special care and attention that guarantee your education and further training with the purpose of helping you to enjoy a full life.

 

Article 24. Health and Medical Attention

You have the right to enjoy the highest level possible of health (which includes safe water, good hygiene and nutrition) and to receive medical attention when you are ill. Governments should cooperate with other countries’ governments so as this right is a reality around the world.

 

Article 25. Periodic Review of Your Placement

If you have been placed in a center to receive protection or to care from a physical or mental illness, your situation must be regularly examined to find out whether your placement is adequate and does not extend beyond the proper time.

 

Article 26. Social Security

You and your family have the right to government benefits and social security when your resources are limited.

 

Article 27. Standard of Living

You have the right to a good standard of living that allows you a normal physical, mental, moral and social development. Your parents are responsible that you have everything necessary to live in a dignified manner (especially nutrition, clothing and housing). If they cannot give it to you, authorities shall help them.

 

Article 28. Education

You have the right to education. Primary education should be obligatory and free and you should have facilities in order to access to secondary education or even go to University. Governments should cooperate so that this is a reality around the world. Punishments at school should not be humiliating nor undignified.

 

Article 29. The Goals of Education

Your education must be aimed to develop your personality, physical and mental skills and capacities to the maximum of your possibilities. It should prepare you to be a respectful with other people, responsible, peaceful and respectful of the environment in a free society.

 

Article 30. Boys and Girls from Minority and Indigenous Groups

If you belong to an ethnic or religious minority, your right to live according to your culture, to practice your religion and to speak your own language should be respected.

 

Article 31. Free Time and Recreational and Cultural Activities

You have the right to play, to rest and to enjoy recreational and cultural activities.

 

Article 32. Child Labor

You have the right to be protected against works which are dangerous for your health or which prevent you from going to school. You cannot work until a minimum age and, if you do so, certain adequate conditions should be fulfilled as regards working time and conditions.

 

Article 33. Use of Illegal Drugs

You have the right to be protected against illegal drugs and drug trafficking.

 

Article 34. Sexual Exploitation

Authorities must protect you from sexual exploitation and sexual abuse, included prostitution and the participation in pornographic performances or material.

 

Article 35. Child Trafficking and Kidnapping

Governments shall take every measure necessary to prevent the sale, trafficking and kidnapping of boys and girls.

 

Article 36. Other Forms of Exploitation

You have the right to be protected against other forms of exploitation which are detrimental for your well-being.

 

Article 37. Torture and Deprivation of Liberty

You will not be subjected to torture or any other degrading treatment or punishment. If you have committed a crime, you cannot be sentenced to the death penalty or life imprisonment. If you are judged guilty, you should be placed in an institution as a last resort and only the minimum time to comply with the punishment. You shall never be placed adults’ prisons and you shall have the right to maintain contact with your family.

 

Article 38. Boys and Girls in Armed Conflicts

In times of war, you must not be recruited as a soldier or participate in combats. In case of conflict, boys and girls have the right to special protection.

 

Article 39. Recuperation and Social Rehabilitation

If you have suffered ill-treatment, exploitation, abandonment or have participated in a war, you have the right to be assisted so as to recover physically, socially and psychologically.

 

Article 40. The Application of Justice to Minors

You have the right to defend yourself with all the guarantees when you are accused of committing a crime. Judges and lawyers shall be especially careful when judging people under 18 years old, and the laws must establish a minimum age before which, children cannot be judged as if they were adults.

Article 41. The Most Favorable Law

If there exist different to the Convention that may be applied in a case that may affect you, always the most favorable law for you should be applied.

 

Article 42. Dissemination of the Convention

You have the right to know the rights contained in this Convention. Governments have the obligation to disseminate it among boys and girls, young people and adults.

Note: Articles 43 to 53 explain how the Governments and international organizations such as UNICEF must cooperate so that the rights mentioned above are fulfilled. In said articles no other rights appear, this is the reason why they do not appear in this summarized version (Source: www.unicef.es).

 

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